Quick, reliable and easy measurements in the field or laboratory
  • Non-invasive monitoring of the PSII electron transport
  • PSII adaptation and responses to abiotic and biotic stresses, structural modifications, mutations
  • Tests of herbicides cos TL allows to probe energetic stability of reduced quinone electron acceptors
  • Redox reactions of PSII in thylakoid membrane[
  • Interpreting changes in the redox potentials of donors and acceptors on the basis of a shift in glow peak temperature[/
  • Oscillation pattern of TL can denote the ‘‘S’’ state transition and can be used for a titre of the Mn clusture of oxygen evolving complex[